Application Areas

Application Note Downloads

Here you can download applications notes with data generated using Kratos AXIS spectrometers.  They demonstrate the surface analysis capabilites of these instruments across a range of differenet samples.

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Polymer

The surface properties of polymer materials are often vital in determining performance of the polymer for the specific application.  X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy is ideally suited to the surface characterisation of this class of materials.

Biomaterials

Biomaterials are those which interact with the native-tissue, organ or function in a body and have recently attracted a lot of attention due to the potential applications in replacing major components and systems in a living organism.

Coatings & Thin Film

Surface coatings and thin films are of great commercial importance in many industries and are used to enhance or provide required properties to bulk materials specific to their applications. Thin films and multilayer materials find application in areas as diverse as architectural glazing, anti-reflective optical coatings and drug eluting thin films in the pharmaceutical industry. XPS is ideally suited to characterising the surface chemistry of these thin films and when combined with sputter depth profiling can be used to determine the elemental and chemical composition as a function of depth through the film.

Catalysts & Petrochemicals

Surface studies of catalysts range from fundamental research of model systems to applied research on used industrially relevant catalysts.

Paper

Natural fibres extracted from wood provide a renewable resource of raw material. At present, wood fibres are used to a large extent for paper-based products, but the potential for alternative uses in future products should not be disregarded. The functional properties of the end product depend on the structure and chemical properties of the fibres, which are largely determined by the composition.  XPS is ideally suited to determination of the surface properties of wood, wood fibres and related bio-polymer samples.

High Energy XPS

Monochromated Ag Lα photons with photon energy 2984.2 eV may ne used as an alternative excitation source to Al Kα for high energy photoemission.

Spectromicroscopy

Spectromicroscopy, also referred to as spectra from images, provides the ability to generate quantitative XPS data from a series of images with the unique advantage that spectra may be generated from areas as small as a single pixel. This type of sample analysis is only possible due to the combination of high lateral imaging and very good energy resolution with the pulse counting, two-dimensional delay-line detector (DLD).

Nanomaterials

Materials with structure in the 1 - 100nm scale often have unique elctronic, optical and mechanical properties.